If you are reading this section than either you or somebody you know is suffering from one of the Sleep Disorders
This section will give you information on most of the things you will ever need to know about snoring and sleep apnoea.
Sleep Disorders are slowly being recognized as major factors in human illness and premature death.
Sleep Disorders are any condition that prohibits or affects sleep and may be MEDICAL or PSYCHOLOGICAL
They include the following conditions:
- dyssomnias (excessive sleepiness, result of difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep)
- arasomnia (disorder that intrudes into the normal sleep process
- sleep disordered breathing (snoring, upper airway resistance syndrome and obstructive sleep apnoea) This is what this section talks about
- sleep bruxism (you can click here to more about this disorder)
Millions suffer from sleep disorders which can lead to high blood pressure, heart disease and even early death. Most people with sleep disorders do not know it.
If your child has any of the following symptoms, they may well be suffering from one form of sleep disorder
- mouth breathing
- worn down teeth
- night terrors
- snoring or even noisy breathing in younger children
- multiple ear infections
- dark circles under eyes or eye bags
- chapped lips and red bleeding gums
- large tonsils and adenoids
- hearing problems
- lack of attention at school
- hyperactivity (ADHD)
Normal Sleep Cycle
Sleep consists of 2 distinct states –
Non REM (Rapid Eye Movement) sleep and REM Sleep.
These alternate in 90 to 110 minute cycles with a normal sleep pattern of 4 to 5 cycles.
Non REM sleep accounts for 75% of sleep and has four sequential phases. Delta sleep is the final phase and is a deep sleep that is important for physical rest, restorative, and is characterized by large, slow delta waves in the brain. This delta sleep accounts for a greater proportion of total sleep time in children and decreases by age 50 to 60. By 60 it is almost absent.
REM sleep improves the ability to sustain attention when awake and improves learning. In its absence, recollection of newly learned material is impaired. A decrease in tone of the upper airway muscles during REM sleep predisposes individuals to obstructive sleep apnoeas.